Focus of training
Improving flexibility and joint mobility is one of the focuses of training. Flexibility, understood as mobility, suppleness or agility, is considered in therapy to consist of the ability to carry out the maximum possible motion of one or more joints.
A distinction is drawn between amplitudes of movement that can be achieved passively with the aid of external forces (therapist, gravity, devices) or actively under the patient’s own power.
Flexibility is influenced by many factors, for example:
- Joint structure
- Extent of muscle mass
- Extensibility of the muscles, fasciae, tendons, ligaments, joint capsules
- Post-operative and post-traumatic condition
- Temperature, warm-up
- Neurogenous, myogenous restrictions
In training practice, a large number of stretching methods are used to achieve an improvement in flexibility. Here, a distinction is drawn between active methods of extension (static/dynamic) carried out with the aid of the antagonistic muscles and passive methods (static/dynamic) carried out by a partner.
Goals of flexibility training in therapy
- Optimisation of joint mobility
- Muscular release, relaxation
- Prevention of injury
- Pain reduction
- Economisation of movement
- Improvement of power delivery in the muscle
- Contraction prevention
Sources: Diemer, Sutor: Praxis der medizinischen Trainingstherapie I; Froboese, Wilke, Nellesen: Training in der Therapie; Hollmann, Hettinger: Sportmedizin, Arbeits- und Trainingsgrundlagen